Grade 5

Grade 5 focuses on reengaging students with science investigations and science literacy skills that set consistent experiences and expectations for 6th grade and review core ideas that are covered on MCAS.

In Grade 5, instructional time should focus on three critical areas:

  1. literacy skills in science - content vocabulary, reading, writing, and talking in science;  
  2. core content review - life science, earth and space science, physical science and engineering/technology; and
  3. science practice skills - asking questions, designing investigations, developing and using models, collecting and analyzing data, constructing explanations, and engaging in argument from evidence.
Month Summary Topics
September These lessons set the stage for year-long science experiences and address live science standards through the investigation of plants in the school garden.
  • What is science and who is a scientist?
  • Science talks
  • Science Literacy: Reading, writing, and sketching in notebooks
  • Plant structure and function
  • Photosynthesis
October Earth science standards related to the surface of planet Earth are explored throughout the month of October.
  • Soils and decomposers
  • Land forms - erosion and deposition
  • Rocks and Minerals
November Matter: cycles, weather, and climate are investigated.
  • States of matter
  • The Water Cycle
  • Weather and Climate
December Earth and Space Science Standards about Earth's place in the solar system are the focus of December. There is a focus on models and patterns.
  • Solar System
  • Day and night on Earth
  • Patterns in the sky - moon phases and constellations
January & February Throughout January and February, students explore energy and energy transformations.
  • Forms of energy
  • Light Energy
  • Sound Energy
  • Electricity
  • Magnetism
  • Electromagnetism
March Students learn Technology Engineering standards by investigating simple machines and working through the design engineering process.
  • Design Engineering process
  • Simple Machines
  • Tools and measurement
April Students loop back to life science to discuss the complex concepts of adaptations and inherited traits.
  • Organisms and habitats
  • Producers and consumers
  • Adaptations and inherited traits
May Planning and preparing for MCAS and Capstone Exhibition
June Capstone Exhibition - students share with other 5th grade students attending the same Upper School