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Grade 1

“Grade 1 students begin to understand the power of patterns to predict future events in the natural and designed world.” The year begins with Plant and Animal Parts “where students” identify patterns by comparing “the ways different animals and plants use their body parts and senses to do the things they need to do to grow and survive, including typical ways parents keep their young safe so they will survive to adulthood. They notice that though there are differences between plants or animals of the same type, the similarities of behavior and appearance are what allow us to identify them as belonging to a group.”

In Light and Sound students “investigate sound and light through various materials. They describe patterns in how light passes through and sounds differ from different types of materials and use this to design and build a device to send a signal.

By the third unit, Sky Patterns, “students have more fluency with language, number sense, and inquiry skills. This allows them to describe patterns of motion between the Sun, Moon, and stars in relation to the Earth. From this understanding they can identify seasonal patterns from sunrise and sunset data that will allow them to predict future patterns. Building from their experiences in pre-K and kindergarten observing and describing daily weather, they can now examine seasonal data on temperature and rainfall to describe patterns over time.” (Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, 40)

Unit Description
Essential Questions
Plant and Animal Parts

Animals and plants of the same kind share similar characteristics with others of the same kind but they are not exactly the same.

Living things have similar needs for survival but different ways to fulfill them.
How are living things similar and different from other living things?

How do plants and animals survive?
Light and Sound
Different materials will affect the way light and sound travel.

Materials vibrate differently to make different sounds and sounds can also make materials vibrate.

Light and sound are used to help people communicate and to solve problems.
What can we do with light and sound?
Sky Patterns
The sun, moon, and stars follow predictable patterns.

There are relationships among seasonal patterns of change.

Measurable, observational data can be analyzed to reveal patterns and to make predictions.
How can predictions be made based on observation and data?

Why should we recognize patterns that exist in our world?

Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education. (2016). 2016 Massachusetts Science and Technology/Engineering Curriculum Framework. Malden, MA: Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education.